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Thursday, 22 August 2013

Tiger makes modest comeback in India and Thailand

Modest triumph

A small but significant triumph for everyone the magnificent tiger at heart: thanks to the increased efforts of the Indian and Thai government takes the tabby in at least two nature reserves in number. 

In the Western Ghats (Karnataka) now live 250 to 300 tigers, four times as many as thirty years ago. In Panna National Park, where temporary no more tigers were in 2009, tiger numbers are now back in the double digits. Also in the Thai nature Huai Kha Kaeng life certainly fifty tigers and the population trend is positive. However, the current global tiger population of about 3200 wild specimens of course only a miserable remnant of the hundred thousand striped robbers who still walked the earth at the beginning of the twentieth century. Tigers inhabit today the day only six percent of their original habitat, the sad result of poaching and habitat destruction.

Stronger action

The good results were achieved in India and Thailand, are directly derived from the stricter, more confrontational attitude that governments now 

take. The penalty for poaching a tiger or the smuggling and trafficking of tiger parts are tightened considerably, while also monitoring and surveillance of parks are lifted to a higher level. Camera traps also offer a solution and make it easier to detect louts and summarize. In the collar Especially in Huai Kha Kaeng is a lot of catching up, because this area until recently as a paradise where poachers. But the Thai government has recently successfully completed a large network poachers know to dismantle gang leaders and individual record of five years imprisonment imposed.

Russia

Also from Russia, one of the last refuges of the greatest of all tigers, are hopeful messages. According to the Wildlife Conservation Society, the Russian government is currently preparing a law of transportation, possession or sale of (parts of) endangered animals are a criminal act. This allows poachers or hunters not arrive with the excuse that they are already dead. A tiger or other protected species previously, poachers usually escape prosecution by claiming that they themselves had not slain. The animal in question In addition to tightening the law, Russia has also created the Central Oessoerisch Game Reserve, a vast forest and one of the last bastions of the imposing Siberian tiger (also often called Amur tiger). The reserve connects the Russian Sikothe-Alinpopulatie with the best tiger habitats in the Chinese province of Heilongjiang. The reserve also provides legal protection for the tigers as they cross the border with China. A good move by the Russians, because thanks to the presence of the tiger and many others typical Northern European and Central Asian species could brand new nature through ecotourism sometimes a sustainable source of income for the country and the local population.

Collaboration

According to Alan Rabinowitz is to protect a vulnerable species like the tiger only possible with the help of national and local governments. "You can only try it as NGOs, but without the legislative and law enforcement powers only governments is that you never succeed. Saving tigers is only possible if conservationists, field biologists, governments, law enforcement, rangers and local people work closely together. "And yet it is almost impossible to save. Every individual tiger or subpopulation This is evident in Laos and Vietnam, states that have already been specified as tiger country.

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